G2H2 Task Group “40 Years of Alma-Ata” (2017-2018)
Background, field of work
Health campaigners worldwide achieved a major breakthrough in 1978, at the UN Alma-Ata Conference on Primary Health Care. This conference statement signalled a new approach to health care, often described as the ‘primary health care approach’ or the ‘Alma-Ata principles’ – deeply rooted in the social and structural determinants of health, and emphasising the importance of accountability to the people. The following are excerpts from the Alma-Ata Declaration:
- The Conference strongly reaffirms that health, which is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, is a fundamental human right and that the attainment of the highest possible level of health is a most important world-wide social goal whose realization requires the action of many other social and economic sectors in addition to the health sector.
- The existing gross inequality in the health status of the people, particularly between developed and developing countries as well as within countries, is politically, socially, and economically unacceptable and is, therefore, of common concern to all countries.
- The people have a right and duty to participate individually and collectively in the planning and implementation of their health care.
- Primary health care is essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound, and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination.
Sources: PHM, WHO
Reference: Declaration of Alma-Ata
The AA40 task group hosted by G2H2 planned and implemented a civil society workshop in Geneva in 2018 to commemorate the 40 year jubilee of the Alma-Ata Declaration. The event and the related communication were expeted to:
- critically analyse the state of implementation of the main Alma-Ata Declaration principles (in particular: addressing determinants of health; global solidarity for health equity; accountability to the people, access to comprehensive health care services for all through a system structured around the principles of Comprehensive Primary Health Care);
- renew and promote a broad commitment to the values and the agenda of change expressed by the Declaration (universal access to health)
Outcome of the process
Having accomplished its tasks, this G2H2 working group has stopped its activities.
Enquiries: Thomas Schwarz, working group coordinator, firstname.lastname@example.org